According to a recent Gallup Poll, most Americans don’t think much of the stock market as a way to build wealth. I find that quite distressing, and not just because stocks are my business. Stocks are equity—and equity is ownership. If things are being done right, the owner should end up making more than the employee as the business grows. I’ve reproduced a table from Gallup’s article below.
Source: Gallup (click on image to enlarge)
You can see that only 37% felt that the stock market was a good way to build wealth—and only 50% among investors with more than $100,000 in assets.
Perhaps investors will reconsider after reading an article from the Wall Street Journal, here republished on Yahoo! Finance. In the article, they asked 40 prominent people about the best financial advice they’d ever received. (Obviously you should read the whole thing!) Two of the comments that struck me most are below:
Charles Schwab, chairman of Charles Schwab Corp.
A friend said to me, Chuck, you’re better off being an owner. Go out and start your own business.
Richard Sylla, professor of the history of financial institutions and markets at New York University
The best financial advice I ever received was advice that I also provided, both to myself and to Edith, my wife. It was more than 40 years ago when I was a young professor of economics and she was a young professor of the history of science. I based the advice on what were then relatively new developments in modern finance theory and empirical findings that supported the theory.
The advice was to stash every penny of our university retirement contributions in the stock market.
As new professors we were offered a retirement plan with TIAA-CREF in which our own pretax contributions would be matched by the university. Contributions were made with before-tax dollars, and they would accumulate untaxed until retirement, when they could be withdrawn with ordinary income taxes due on the withdrawals.
We could put all of the contributions into fixed income or all of it into equities, or something in between. Conventional wisdom said to do 50-50, or if one could not stomach the ups and downs of the stock market, to put 100% into bonds, with their “guaranteed return.”
Only a fool would opt for 100% stocks and be at the mercies of fickle Wall Street. What made the decision to be a fool easy was that in those paternalistic days the university and TIAA-CREF told us that we couldn’t touch the money until we retired, presumably about four decades later when we hit 65.
Aware of modern finance theory’s findings that long-term returns on stocks should be higher than returns on fixed-income investments because stocks were riskier—people had to be compensated to bear greater risk—I concluded that the foolishly sensible thing to do was to put all the money that couldn’t be touched for 40 years into equities.
At the time (the early 1970s) the Dow was under 1000. Now it is around 16000. I’m now a well-compensated professor, but when I retire in a couple of years and have to take minimum required distributions from my retirement accounts, I’m pretty sure my income will be higher than it is now. Edith retired recently, and that is what she has discovered.
Not everyone has the means to start their own business, but they can participate in thousands of existing great businesses through the stock market! Richard Sylla’s story is fascinating in that he put 100% of his retirement assets into stocks and has seen them grow 16-fold! I’m sure he had to deal with plenty of volatility along the way, but it is remarkable how effective equity can be in creating wealth. His wife discovered that her income in retirement—taking the required minimum distribution!—was greater than when she was working! (The italics in the quote above are mine.)
Equity is ownership, and ownership of productive assets is the way to wealth.